Autonomous vehicles with Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS) can reduce accidents, expand delivery options, and improve the safety of public transportation. While some of the technology for self-driving systems is in use today, moving to a completely autonomous driving model will be a gradual process combining software and hardware innovation with public acceptance. 

The Road to Autonomous Driving

The latest SAE International standards describe six levels of autonomous (self-driving) capability, ranging from unaided to completely autonomous vehicles.

Levels 0-2 provide support features that require human oversight. The driver is completely engaged and must control the vehicle.

In Levels 3-5, automated driving features are engaged, even if the driver is present. In Levels 4 and 5, the driver is not required to take over driving.

While these levels are helpful for describing an autonomous driving experience, cars in the real world won’t jump seamlessly from one level to the next. Instead, different capabilities will advance to mass use at different rates. Here are our expectations for adoption over the next decade…